Is It Safe For Children To Use Traditional Saunas?

Are traditional saunas safe for children? It’s a question many parents may have, considering the growing popularity of saunas as a wellness and relaxation tool. In this article, we will explore the potential risks and benefits of traditional saunas for children, providing you with the information you need to make an informed decision for your little ones’ health and safety.

Is It Safe For Children To Use Traditional Saunas?

Evaluating the Safety of Traditional Saunas for Children

Traditional saunas have long been used for their various therapeutic benefits, promoting relaxation and well-being for individuals of all ages. However, when it comes to children, there are important considerations to evaluate regarding their safety within these heated environments. While traditional saunas can offer potential benefits for children, it is crucial to explore the risks and precautions associated with their use. Additionally, understanding the current research available on sauna use for children can inform our decision-making process. By taking into account various factors and guidelines, we can create a safer experience for children in traditional saunas, or explore alternative options that may be more appropriate for their age and developmental stage.

Understanding Traditional Saunas

Definition and Function

A traditional sauna is a heated room or enclosed space designed to induce sweating and promote relaxation through exposure to high temperatures. The heat is typically generated by a stove or electric heater, which warms rocks or coals. Water is then poured over these heated elements, creating steam and raising the humidity level within the sauna. The combination of high temperatures and increased humidity leads to perspiration, allowing the body to eliminate toxins and promote a sense of well-being.

Types of Traditional Saunas

There are two main types of traditional saunas: dry saunas and wet saunas. In a dry sauna, the air is heated without the addition of steam, resulting in lower humidity levels. Wet saunas, on the other hand, introduce steam into the air, creating a higher humidity environment. Both types offer similar benefits, but the choice between them depends on individual preferences.

Temperature and Humidity

Traditional saunas typically operate at temperatures ranging from 150 to 195 degrees Fahrenheit (65 to 90 degrees Celsius). The humidity levels can vary but are generally lower in dry saunas and higher in wet saunas. It’s important to note that children may have a lower tolerance for heat and humidity compared to adults. Therefore, extra caution should be taken to ensure their safety and well-being.

Duration of Sauna Sessions

Sauna sessions typically range from 10 to 20 minutes, depending on individual preference and tolerance. It is essential to closely monitor the duration of sauna sessions for children and ensure they do not overexert themselves or remain in the high-temperature environment for prolonged periods. The goal is to provide therapeutic benefits while avoiding any potential risks.

Potential Benefits for Children

Traditional saunas offer various potential benefits for children, similar to those experienced by adults. These benefits include:

Relaxation and Stress Relief

The heat and soothing environment of a traditional sauna can promote relaxation and help children unwind from the stresses of daily life. Taking time to relax in a sauna can provide a sense of calm and well-being for children, which can be particularly helpful for those facing school-related stress or other challenges.

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Detoxification and Cleansing

Sauna sessions promote sweating, which aids in the detoxification process by eliminating toxins and impurities from the body. This can be beneficial for children whose bodies may accumulate toxins through environmental exposure or certain lifestyle factors. However, it is crucial to ensure proper hydration during and after sauna use to support the body’s natural detoxification process.

Skin Health

The heat and humidity of a traditional sauna can benefit the skin by opening up pores and promoting perspiration. This process helps to cleanse the skin and remove impurities, contributing to a healthy and clear complexion. Children with certain skin conditions, such as acne or eczema, may find relief from sauna sessions. However, it is important to consider individual skin sensitivities and monitor any potential reactions.

Respiratory Health

The warm, moist air in a sauna environment can provide temporary relief for children with certain respiratory conditions, such as allergies or congestion. The heat and humidity can help to open up nasal passages and clear congestion, making breathing more comfortable. However, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before exposing children with respiratory conditions to saunas, as it may not be suitable for everyone.

Immune System Boost

Sauna use has been shown to stimulate the immune system, helping the body fight off infections more effectively. This benefit can be particularly valuable for children, as they are often exposed to various germs and viruses. By supporting a child’s immune system, regular sauna use may contribute to overall wellness and help reduce the occurrence of colds and other illnesses.

Improved Sleep

Sauna sessions can promote relaxation and calm the mind, making it easier for children to achieve a restful night’s sleep. The heat and soothing environment of a sauna can help release tension and prepare the body for a more relaxed state. However, it is essential to maintain a proper sleep routine and avoid sauna use too close to bedtime to ensure healthy sleep patterns.

Muscle and Joint Health

The heat from a traditional sauna can help relax and soothe muscles, providing relief for soreness or minor injuries caused by physical activity. It may also assist in increasing blood circulation, promoting a faster recovery process. This benefit can be valuable for active children who participate in sports or other physical activities. However, it is vital to use caution and avoid excessive heat exposure, as it can lead to muscle fatigue or other injuries.

Risks and Precautions

While traditional saunas can offer potential benefits, it is essential to consider the risks and precautions associated with their use for children. Some of the key risks and precautions include:

Risk of Overheating

Children are more prone to overheating compared to adults due to their smaller body size and higher metabolic rate. Prolonged exposure to high temperatures in a sauna can lead to hyperthermia, which is a dangerous condition characterized by an elevated body temperature. It is crucial to closely monitor children’s body temperature and take regular breaks to prevent overheating.


The high temperatures and perspiration in a sauna can lead to dehydration if adequate fluid intake is not maintained. Children can easily become dehydrated, so it is essential to ensure they drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after sauna sessions. Encouraging frequent water breaks is vital to prevent dehydration and support overall well-being.


Direct contact with hot surfaces, such as heated rocks or coals, can cause burns, especially for children who may be more curious or less aware of potential hazards. Ensuring the sauna’s hot surfaces are properly covered and avoiding direct contact can help prevent burns. Additionally, educating children about the potential risks and supervising them closely can minimize the chances of accidents.

Asthma and Breathing Difficulties

Children with asthma or other breathing difficulties may experience worsened symptoms in a high-temperature environment. The hot, dry air in a sauna can irritate the airways and trigger breathing difficulties. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before allowing children with respiratory conditions to use saunas and follow their guidelines to ensure safety.

Cardiovascular Strain

The heat and elevated heart rate experienced during sauna use can place additional strain on the cardiovascular system, particularly for children with pre-existing heart conditions. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional to determine whether traditional sauna use is appropriate for children with cardiovascular issues and follow their recommendations for safe usage.

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Injury or Tripping Hazards

Saunas can pose potential injury risks, such as slipping or tripping hazards due to wet floors or sauna accessories. It is important to ensure the sauna facility is well-maintained, with proper non-slip flooring and clear pathways. Additionally, supervising children inside the sauna and teaching them sauna etiquette can help minimize the risk of accidents and injuries.

Research on Sauna Use for Children

Currently, there is limited research available specifically focused on sauna use for children. Most studies on saunas have primarily focused on adults, making it challenging to draw definitive conclusions about the safety and benefits for children. However, findings from existing studies can provide some insights into the potential effects of sauna use on children’s health.

Limited Research Availability

The lack of specific research on sauna use for children highlights the need for further studies in this area. While anecdotal evidence and testimonials suggest potential benefits, it is important to rely on evidence-based research to make informed decisions regarding children’s safety.

Findings from Existing Studies

Some studies conducted on adults have shown positive effects of sauna use on various health parameters, including blood pressure and circulation. However, extrapolating these findings to children can be challenging, as their physiological responses and tolerances may differ. Therefore, caution should be exercised when interpreting adult-focused sauna research for children.

Age Recommendations

Due to the limited research available, there are no universally established age recommendations for children to use traditional saunas. However, it is generally recommended to wait until children reach adolescence or around 12 to 14 years old before considering sauna use. This recommendation is in line with the general understanding that children’s bodies may be more sensitive to extreme heat and humidity.

Supervision and Safety Measures

Regardless of age, it is crucial to provide adequate supervision and follow safety measures when allowing children in traditional saunas. This includes closely monitoring them for signs of distress or overheating, regulating sauna duration and temperature, and ensuring overall safety within the sauna facility. Parental supervision and responsible usage are key to minimizing potential risks.

Factors to Consider Before Allowing Children in Saunas

Several factors should be taken into account before deciding to allow children in traditional saunas. These factors include:

Age and Developmental Stage

Children’s physiological responses to heat and their ability to tolerate high temperatures may vary depending on their age and developmental stage. Younger children may have a lower threshold for heat and humidity, making sauna use less suitable for them. It is crucial to consider the individual child’s age and developmental readiness before allowing them into a traditional sauna.

Health Conditions and Vulnerabilities

Children with certain health conditions, such as heart problems, respiratory issues, or skin sensitivities, may be at a higher risk of experiencing adverse effects from sauna use. It is vital to consult with a healthcare professional to assess any potential risks and determine whether sauna use is appropriate for children with specific health conditions or vulnerabilities.

Individual Tolerance and Comfort

Each child may have a different tolerance for heat, humidity, and the overall sauna experience. Some children may find the high temperatures and steam uncomfortable or overwhelming, while others may enjoy the sensation. It is crucial to consider each child’s individual comfort and preferences before allowing them in traditional saunas.

Parental Supervision

Parental supervision is paramount when allowing children in traditional saunas. Parents should closely monitor their children’s well-being during sauna sessions, watching for signs of distress, overheating, or discomfort. Parents should also ensure their children adhere to safety guidelines and educate them about proper sauna usage.

Sauna Facility and Equipment

The quality and safety of the sauna facility and equipment are significant factors to consider before allowing children in traditional saunas. Ensuring the sauna is well-maintained, with appropriate safety features and clean surfaces, helps minimize potential risks. It is essential to choose a reputable facility that prioritizes safety and hygiene.

Safer Alternatives to Traditional Saunas for Children

For parents who are concerned about the safety of traditional saunas for their children, there are alternative options to consider:

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Infrared Saunas

Infrared saunas use infrared radiation to heat the body directly, rather than heating the surrounding air. This type of sauna operates at lower temperatures compared to traditional saunas, making it potentially safer for children. Infrared saunas may offer similar therapeutic benefits without the same risks associated with high temperatures and humidity.

Steam Rooms

Steam rooms provide a humid environment similar to wet saunas but operate at lower temperatures. The combination of heat and steam can still offer relaxation and potential health benefits for children, while being less intense than traditional saunas. However, it is important to closely monitor children for signs of discomfort or overheating.

Facial and Foot Saunas

Facial and foot saunas are smaller, targeted options that focus on specific areas of the body. These types of saunas offer a gentler heat and are usually safe for children to use with appropriate supervision. Their smaller size allows for better control over temperature and exposure time, minimizing the risks associated with traditional saunas.

Outdoor Natural Saunas

Outdoor natural saunas, such as those found near natural hot springs or in certain climates, offer a milder sauna experience in a natural environment. These saunas often operate at lower temperatures, allowing children to enjoy the benefits of sauna use while being surrounded by nature. However, it is crucial to ensure the safety and cleanliness of the outdoor sauna facility.

Lower Sauna Temperatures

If traditional saunas are the preferred option, adjusting the sauna temperature to a lower range can help reduce the potential risks for children. By operating the sauna at a lower temperature, the risk of overheating and other related complications can be mitigated. However, it is important to be mindful of individual tolerances and closely monitor the child’s well-being.

Guidelines for Allowing Children in Traditional Saunas

When deciding to allow children in traditional saunas, it is important to follow certain guidelines to ensure their safety and well-being. These guidelines include:

Consult with a Pediatrician

Before allowing children in traditional saunas, it is recommended to consult with a pediatrician or other qualified healthcare professional. They can provide personalized advice based on the child’s individual health status, age, and developmental stage. A healthcare professional can also address any concerns and provide specific guidelines for safe sauna use.

Educate Children on Sauna Safety

It is essential to educate children about sauna safety before allowing them to enter a traditional sauna. Teach them the potential risks associated with high temperatures and the importance of staying hydrated. Instruct them on sauna etiquette, such as not running or splashing water, and avoiding direct contact with hot surfaces.

Gradually Introduce Sauna Sessions

Start with shorter sauna sessions for children and gradually increase the duration as they become more comfortable and acclimated to the sauna environment. This allows their bodies to adjust to the heat and minimizes the risk of overheating or discomfort.

Monitor Temperature and Duration

Regularly monitor the temperature inside the sauna and limit the duration of each session according to the child’s tolerance and comfort level. Ensure the sauna remains within a safe temperature range and avoid extended periods of exposure, particularly for young children or those with underlying health conditions.

Hydrate Before, During, and After

Encourage children to drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after sauna sessions to prevent dehydration. Offer water breaks and ensure they are adequately hydrated before entering the sauna. Remind children to listen to their bodies and take breaks as needed to rehydrate.

Supervise and Maintain Constant Communication

Always supervise children while they are in the traditional sauna and maintain constant communication with them. Check for signs of distress, overheating, or discomfort, and encourage them to communicate any discomfort or concerns they may have while in the sauna.

Provide Comfortable Resting Areas

Ensure there are comfortable resting areas outside the sauna where children can cool down and relax between sauna sessions. This allows their bodies to regulate their temperature and prevents them from overheating or becoming fatigued.

Cover Hot Surfaces and Ensure Sauna Cleanliness

Before allowing children into the traditional sauna, ensure that all hot surfaces, such as heated rocks or coals, are adequately covered to prevent accidental burns. Additionally, maintain proper sauna cleanliness to minimize the risk of infections or other health issues.

Consider Sauna Etiquette and Other Users

Teach children about sauna etiquette, such as being mindful of other users and adhering to appropriate behavior. Encourage them to respect the space and avoid disruptive or unsafe actions. It is important for children to understand the importance of sharing the sauna environment with others.


When evaluating the safety of traditional saunas for children, it is essential to consider both the potential benefits and risks associated with their use. Traditional saunas can offer relaxation, detoxification, and various health benefits for children, but careful precautions must be taken. Consulting with healthcare professionals, following guidelines, and considering alternatives can provide a safer and more enjoyable sauna experience for children. Ultimately, parental supervision, individual considerations, and responsible usage play a key role in ensuring the well-being of children in traditional sauna environments.